What is a wind instrument?

A wind instrument produces its sound when the musician, using their breath causes a column of air to vibrate inside the instrument. (In some instruments, like the concertina the blowing power is produced by bellows). In orchestras there are two types of wind instruments, Woodwinds and Brass. They are different because of the way the musician blows into the instrument as well as the material they are made of.

Brass Instruments

Brass instruments like the trumpet and trombone produce there sound when a musician blows into a mouthpiece. They are not always made of brass, other metals and materials are used as well. The Tuba for example, sometimes has a fiberglass bell to make it lighter when carried in marching bands.

tuba
Tuba

trumpet
Trumpet

trombone
Trombone

Woodwind Instruments

Woodwinds were traditionally made of wood, and though many still are, like brass instruments they are also made of other materials. The sound of a woodwind is produced by blowing across a hole in the instrument, such as a flute or making a reed vibrate in instruments like the clarinet and oboe. The saxophone also uses a reed so even though it has the appearance of a brass instrument it is technically a woodwind.

flute
Flute
CLARINET
Clarinet
OBEO
Oboe
saxophone
Saxophone

 


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